Published: May 28, 2019

Uber drivers are “independent contractors” and not “employees” under the National Labor Relations Act (“NLRA”), according to an Advice Memorandum issued on May 14, 2019, by the Office of the General Counsel (“OGC”) of the National Labor Relations Board (“NLRB”).  Acknowledging the virtually unfettered control Uber drivers’ have over their cars, work schedules, and log-in locations, as well as their freedom to work for Uber’s competitors, the OGC determined that such autonomy provides the drivers with significant entrepreneurial opportunity, making them independent contractors. 

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Published: May 6, 2019

In an opinion letter released on April 29, 2019 the Department of Labor Wage and Hour Division (WHD) provided guidance on the standards for establishing an employment relationship in today's modern gig economy. In doing so, the WHD took a narrow view, and found that digital platforms that connect individual service providers to customers are better characterized as "referral services," than employers.

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